Irina Tikhonova, Tatiana Guseva, Eugene Averochkin, Kirill Shchelchkov. Best Available Techniques and Best Environmental Management Practices: collaboration between industries and regions // Environmental Innovations: Advances in Engineering, Technology and Management, EIAETM, 19th-23rd October, 2020. Procedia Environmental Science, Engineering and Management, 8, 2021, 2, pp. 495-505.
This study analyzes two concepts used to reduce environmental impacts and to improve environmental performance of industrial activities. The concept of Best Available Techniques (BAT) is used in many countries as the major regulatory one, while the concept of Best Environmental Management Practices falls under the category of voluntary approaches, promoted by the European Union (EU). BEMP is understood as the most effective way to implement the Environmental Management System (EMS) to achieve the best environmental performance. Whereas Reference Documents on BAT have been drawn up, reviewed and used since the 1990s, Sectoral Reference Documents (SRD) on BEMP developed since 2009, are much less known, especially outside the EU. Priority sectors for SRD are set by the European Commission (EC) and include both “heavy” industrial sectors regulated by BAT-related legislation and such areas as Public Administration, Tourism, and Telecommunications. Several examples of BEMP implemented by Russian companies are presented. Some of them develop BEMP as EMS voluntary procedures relevant from the point of view of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).